The terrorist attacks around the World Trade Center have triggered in-depth discussion and focus of existing safety measures, their deficiencies, and the way to enhance security to avoid similar terrorist attacks from occurring later on. Biometric technologies have risen to the top list just as one solution. The federal government isn’t the only entity exploring biometric home security systems. The financial services industry see biometrics in an effort to curb id theft. Biometrics are intrinsic physical characteristics accustomed to identify individuals. Probably the most generally used biometric is fingerprints but others include, handprints, facial expression, iris & retinal scans, and voice recognition.
Right after 9/11 there have been requires the issuance of national ID cards that contains biometric info on an RFID nick implanted around the card. The argument is the fact that national ID cards increases security by identifying people with their own fingerprints that are a lot more hard to counterfeit than standard photo ID cards. There’s additionally a movement toward biometric passports. It appears as though biometric passports are not far off. National ID cards may follow.
Biometric identification is certainly not new. Humans happen to be identifying other humans biometrically forever of your time. You already know people you’re friends with by their facial expression, their voice, along with other biometric features. What’s new is presenting technology in to the mix that compares confirmed biometric having a stored database of biometrics to ensure the identity of the individual. A person placed their finger on the fingerprint scanner and also the image is in contrast to the database to ensure the individual’s identity. Promising because it is, biometric technology is not without hiccups but biometrics are evolving rapidly and becoming a lot more prevalent in home security systems.
Fingerprints would be the most generally used biometric identifiers. The Nation’s Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) conducted research that demonstrated single fingerprint biometric systems were built with a 98.6 % precision rate. The precision rate rose to 99.6 % when 2 fingerprints were utilised as well as an almost perfect 99.9 % when 4 or even more fingerprints were utilised. The research results reveal that biometric identification is almost perfect which isn’t surprising because of the uniqueness of human fingerprints.
The United States-VISIT program, which is short for for U . s . States Customer & Immigrant Status Indicator Technology, presently requires foreign people to the united states to provide a biometric passport that contains 2 fingerprints along with a digital photo for identification purposes prior to being granted admittance to the U.S. Obviously the biometrics are compared against an enormous network of presidency databases filled with known and suspected terrorists along with other crooks.
At first glance biometric technology may seem just like a cure all but it is use has elevated significant privacy concerns that should be addressed. Listed here are six major privacy concerns: storage, vulnerability, confidence, authenticity, linking, and ubiquity.
Critics question the way the data is going to be stored and just how vulnerable it will likely be to thievery or abuse. Confidence issues focus on the implications of false positives and false negatives. Can the biometric data be employed to connect to additional information concerning the individual for example marital status, religion, employment status, etc.? And lastly ubiquity. Do you know the implications of departing electronic “bread crumbs” to mark a trail detailing every movement a person makes?