A LAN (LAN) represents a series of connected computers to share information and resources. Today, the local network exists in many forms and the vast majority of them are networked in one way or another.
Although there have been many developments over the years in the path of wireless technology, the most important networks, close to all business networks, always rely on a wired topology. A wired connection provides connectivity, reliability, security and resistance to completely unparalleled interference by all wireless topologies have to offer. The wired networks also provide a significantly lower “ping” time or latency, resulting in faster communication.
The most common cable type used today for data networks is unshielded twisted (UTP) pair wiring. There are many communication standards for UTP wiring, but the most common are category 5E (CAT5E) and category 6 (CAT6). Among these two, the CAT5E wiring is more common and is generally used in a star network topology at 100 Mbps. The CAT5E standard is capable of supporting Gigabit Ethernet (1Gbps), but is not usually used in these more sophisticated network settings.
CAT6 wiring slowly becomes the most common standard, such as rising technologies and increased demand for higher end network services have contributed lower costs. In a few years, most existing Cat5e networks will have been replaced by the Cat6 Standard Standard.
Another wiring technology slowly wins more traditional footing is optical fiber optic wiring. By far the best way to transfer data, optical fiber is really the path of the future. Although modern computer technologies are beginning to optimize copper wiring transmission capabilities, we have not even achieved the point of fully understanding the type of optics of performance fiber that can offer.
Side price factor, there is literally no inconvenience with fiber optic to use in a data network. The cables are smaller, driving less clutter. The environment is exponentially faster than anything else available. Fiber optic communications are completely immunized against electrical interference. The list of continuous benefits, and such as technological driving advances decrease costs, it is clear that optical fiber is the way of the future.